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Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Diwali Festival In India

Diwali Festival in India:


Diwali is the biggest Hindu festival of light. It is one of the most popular and  beautiful festival of Hinduism. Diwali symbolizes the spiritual  success of sunshine over darkness, smart and good over evil and information over ignorance. During the celebration template, homes, shops, and office buildings are brightly illuminated. Diwali celebrations begin with cleaning renovating and decorating their homes. They offer puja, light oil lamps and worship goddess Laxmi the goddess of Wealth and prosperity.
Some faiths in India also celebrate their respective festivals alongside Diwali. Jain's observe their own Diwali. Which marks the final liberation of Mahavira. The Sikhs also celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to remember  the return of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal empire prison . Whereas Newar Buddhists in contrast other Buddhists celebrate Diwali by worshiping Laxmi. One tradition links the Festival to legends in the Hindu Epic Ramayana, where Diwali is the day when Rama, Laxmaman, Sita and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after a period in exile and Ramas army of good defeated demon king Ravan's army of evil.

Hinduism

Many Hindus associate the celebration with Lakshmi, the god of wealth and prosperity, and mate of Vishnu. According to Pitchman, the starting of the 5-day Diwali festival is exp lit in some popular modern sources as the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from Samudra manthan, that is churning of the cosmic ocean of milk by the Devas (gods) and therefore the Asuras (demons) – a religious writing that is also found in many sanskrit literature such as the Padma Purana, where the night of Diwali is when once Lakshmi selected and wed Vishnu. Together with Lakshmi, who is also the representative of Vaishnavism, Ganesha, the elephant-headed younger son of Parvati and Shiva of Shaivism tradition, is remembered as one who symbolizes ethical beginnings and  remover of obstacles. Hindus of East Republic of India associate the Diwali with the goddess Durga, or her fierce avatar Kali (Shaktism), Kali symbolizes the victory of truth over evil.Hindus from the northern India, parts of Assam, as well as southern Tamil and Telugu communities celebrate Diwali as the day the god Krishna overcame and destroyed the evil king Narakasura, in yet another big  symbolic victory of good over ignorance and evil.

Jainism

Jeffrey Long, a scholar of Jain faith and Hindu faith, states that in Jain faith tradition, Diwali is also well known in observance of Mahavira Nirvana Divas, which is  the physical death and final nirvana of Mahavira. The Jain faith Diwali celebrated in many elements of India and it has similar practises to the Hindu Diwali, like that of lighting of lamps and the offering of prayers and services  to goddess Lakshmi. However, the important focus of the Jain Diwali remains  only the dedication to Mahavira. This follow of lighting lamps initially began on the day of Mahavira's death in 527 BC. As per the Jainism  tradition,where  the 18 kings who had gathered for Mahavira's last teachings issued a law that lamps be lit in remembrance of the "great light, Mahavira". This follow of belief of the origin of Diwali, and its  importance  to Jain's, is explained in their historic art works such as paintings.

 Sikhism

Sikhs observe and celebrate  theBandi Chhor Divas in remembrance of the discharge of Guru Hargobind from the Gwalior Fort jail by the great Mughal emperor, Jahangir, and he returned at the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

 Buddhism:

 Newar Buddhists of Nepalese valleys also cordially celebrate the Diwali festival season over five days, in much similar way, and on the same days, as the Nepalese Hindu Diwali-Tihar celebration. According to some scholars  this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in parts of Nepal, through the worship of Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, is not syncretism but rather a reflection and freedom within Mahayana Buddhist sect tradition to worship and honour any deity for their worldly betterment.

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